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How Dermatologists And Doctors Treat Acne: A Guide

Acne, a skin condition we often associate with the turbulent teenage years, can persist or even begin in adulthood. Understanding the treatments available is crucial, whether you're a teenager, an adult, or a parent seeking guidance for your child.


Contents:

A male doctor examining a female patient's skin

Understanding Acne

Acne arises from blocked skin follicles leading to pimples, blackheads, and inflamed patches of skin. While hormonal changes during adolescence often trigger it, adults aren't immune. Stress, diet, and hormonal imbalances can all contribute to adult acne.


The Doctor's Approach to Acne Treatment

Every individual is unique, and so is their skin. Doctors consider factors like the type of acne, its severity, and the patient's age before suggesting treatments, ensuring a tailored approach for optimal results.


Fundamentals of Acne Treatment

At the core of acne treatment is proper skincare. Gentle cleansing, avoiding excessive scrubbing, and using non-comedogenic products can make a significant difference. Consistency is key; treatments often take time to show results.


Topical Medications: The First Line of Defense

  1. Topical Retinoids: These vitamin A derivatives unclog pores, making them essential for both adult and teenage acne.

  2. Benzoyl Peroxide: It kills bacteria and clears dead skin cells, preventing pimples.

  3. Topical Antibiotics: These reduce inflammation and bacteria on the skin.

  4. Oral Medications: For More Severe Cases: For persistent acne, oral medications might be prescribed. These include antibiotics, oral contraceptives for women, spironolactone, and isotretinoin. It's essential to understand potential side effects and consult with a dermatologist regularly.

Procedural Therapies: Beyond Medications

For stubborn acne or scarring, procedures like laser therapy, chemical peels, or extractions might be recommended. These treatments can be effective but require professional guidance.


Dermocosmetics: Combining Aesthetics and Therapy

Dermocosmetics offer therapeutic benefits while enhancing the skin's appearance. They can be particularly beneficial for adults who want to treat acne while addressing other skin concerns.


Addressing Acne Scars

Acne can leave behind scars, a painful reminder of past breakouts. Treatments vary based on the scar type but can include fillers, lasers, or even surgical procedures.


Practical Advice for Adults and Parents of Teens

  1. Maintain a consistent skincare routine

  2. Avoid popping pimples; it can lead to scarring

  3. Consult a doctor if over-the-counter treatments aren't effective

Schedule a consultation today and start your acne recovery journey today.


Conclusion

Acne, whether in adolescence or adulthood, can be challenging. But with the right guidance and treatments, clearer skin is within reach. Trust in dermatological expertise and remember that every individual's journey is unique.


This blog post was medically reviewed by Dr Summer Zhang.


References

  1. A. Leung, B. Barankin, J. Lam, K. Leong, K. Hon. (2021). Dermatology: how to manage acne vulgaris

  2. A. Zaenglein, A. Pathy, B. Schlosser, A. Alikhan, H. Baldwin, D. Berson, W. Bowe, E. Graber, J. Harper, S. Kang, J. Keri, J. Leyden, R. Reynolds, N. Silverberg, L. Gold, M. Tollefson, J. Weiss, N. Dolan, A. Sagan, M. Stern, K. Boyer, R. Bhushan. (2016). Guidelines of care for the management of acne vulgaris

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